Conference paper: published [from Electronic source using APA 5th ed.]


This source is not covered by the APA style manual. Check with your lecturer before using this suggestion which is based on APA style.

The American Psychological Association gives no specific instructions for papers given at meetings, symposia, and conferences, which have been made available on the Internet. However, it does give a reference style for the abstract of a conference paper found on a university website. The following guidance is based on this example.

Standard Form

Author, Initials. (year, month day). Title of paper. Paper presented at title of conference meeting or symposium. Retrieved month day, year, from Internet address


Cutler, L. D., Frölich, B., & Hanrahan, P. (1997, January 16). Two-handed direct manipulation on the responsive workbench. Paper presented at the 1997 Symposium on Interactive 3D Graphics. Retrieved June 12, 2000, from

Kirkpatrick, C., & George, C. (2006, March 22). Assessing the impact of trade SIAs [Draft]. Paper presented at the Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment Stocktaking Conference: Implementing Sustainable Trade, Brussels. Retrieved December 4, 2006, from

Citation in Text

... humans distribute work between their two hands (Cutler, Frolich, & Hanrahan, 1997, p. 12) ...

... evaluation of SIAs (Kirkpatrick & George, 2006, p. 8) is undertaken ,,,


  • Note that one of the examples is a draft, and may not be the paper as delivered. This should be noted. It is also in PDF format, but as there is no evidence that it has been published on paper, it is treated as an electronic source, rather that an electronic version of a print source.
  • If there are numbered pages in the web document, these may be used in the in-text citation. Otherwise you may be able to specify your reference by using numbered paragraphs, or section headings.