Audio or video podcast [from Electronic source using APA 5th ed.]

Overview

This source is not covered by the APA style manual. Check with your lecturer before using this suggestion which is based on APA style.

A podcast is an audio or video file downloaded to your computer or mobile device. If you are watching or listening to something directly from the web e.g. via iPlayer, 4oD, YouTube, or Box of Broadcasts (BoB) follow the guidance given for a webcast

Webpages can be volatile and subject to unannounced change. Therefore, it is important include the internet address (or URL) for the webpage you accessed, as it may not be at that location when your work is assessed. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the technical term for a webpage address. URLs can change, for example if the material you are viewing is generated 'on-the-fly' using content management software. URLs from these sites may be only viewable at the time of retrieval.

Whenever possible the URL you give should be a stable URL and link directly to the webpage itself. A stable URL, also known as a 'permament link' will not be generated 'on-the-fly' and is more likely to remain accessible. To check if a link to a URL is stable, paste the link into the address bar of an Internet browser to make sure that it works. If there is no stable URL for the item, give the homepage

Reference as for an ordinary webpage, but add [Audio podcast] or [Video podcast] if the source was video, immediately after the title.

Although you must give the full Internet address (or URL) in your reference list, you do not show this in the body of your essay. Your in-text reference must match the start of the reference as it appears in your reference list. Use the author if your reference has one; otherwise use the first few words of the title.

Standard Form

Surname of primary contributor, Initials. (Role of primary contributor). (year, month day). Title [Audio podcast] or [Video podcast]. Retrieved from Internet address

Examples

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retreived from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/

Citation in Text

... influenced early radio broadcasts (Van Nuys, 2007).

Notes

  • If no date appears on the item you are trying to reference, insert (n.d.) where you would normally give the year.
  • If the author is not given, begin your reference with the title of the document.
  • If a document is part of a large website such as that for a university or government department, give the name of the parent organization and the relevant department before the internet address:

Alexander, J., & Tate, M. A. (2001). Evaluating web resources. Retrieved August 21, 2001, from Widener University, Wolfgram Memorial Library website:www2.widener.edu/Wolfgram-Memorial-Library/webevaluation/webeval.htm

  • Never write the Internet address in the text of your essay. Use the author of the podcast if your reference has one; otherwise use the first few words of the podcast title.