Academic journal article [from Print source using APA 5th ed.]


Make sure you understand the pattern of the journal - does it have a volume number, does it have a part number (restarting at 1 in each volume) or a running issue number which increases through each succeeding volume?

Standard Form

Author, Initials. (year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume number – if there is one (Issue number), start and end page numbers of article.


In press or preprint:
Bouvier, B., Gruunberg, R., Nilges, M., & Cazals, F. (in press). Shelling the voronoi interface of protein-protein complexes reveals patterns of residue conservation, dynamics and composition. Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics.

Guo, Z., Liu, T., Fedoroff, N., Wei, L., Ding, Z., Wu, N., . . . An, Z. (1998). Climate extremes in Loess of China coupled with the strength of deep-water formation in the North Atlantic. Global and Planetary Change, 18(3-4), 113-128.

Noguchi, T., Kitawaki, J., Tamura, T., Kim, T., Kanno, H., Yamamoto, T., et al. (1993). Relationship between aromatase activity and steroid receptor levels in ovarian tumors from postmenopausal women. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 44(4-6), 657-660.

Popper, S. E., & McCloskey, K. (1993). Individual differences and subgroups within populations: The shopping bag approach. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine, 64(1), 74-77.

Citation in Text

Guo et al. focused their research on climate extremes (1998, p. 120) ...

Recent theories (Noguchi et al., 1993, p. 658) suggest that ...

Popper and McCloskey (1993, pp. 75-76) aver that ...



  • An article accepted for publication in a journal, described as "in press" or a "preprint", but not yet published is treated differently. Use the format for a printed journal article, but instead of the year include (in press) and omit volume, part and page details, as these cannot be confirmed until the article is actually published.
  • Multiple author citations:
    • With two authors both names should be listed in each citation e.g. (Duncan & Goddard, 2003, p. 99).
    • With three to five authors, name all authors the first time, then use et al. (and others). For example: the first time it would be (Moore, Estrich, McGillis, & Spelman, 1984, p. 33) and subsequent references to the same publication would use (Moore et al., 1984, p. 33).
    • For six or more authors, use et al. after the first author in all occurrences.
    • Note that when the in-text reference occurs naturally within the sentence "and" should be used before the final author. But when the entire reference is enclosed in brackets the ampersand (&) should be used.