Manuscript [from Print source using APA 5th ed.]


Manuscripts may be handwritten or typescripts. They can be divided into those that have been submitted for publication, and those that have not. The difference in the citation is in the descriptive tag at the end. In the case of a manuscript submitted for publication, do not give the name of the publisher or journal to which the manuscript has been submitted.

Standard Form

Not submitted for publication

Author, Initials. (year). Title of the work. Unpublished manuscript.

Submitted for publication

Author, Initials. (year). Title of the work. Manuscript submitted for publication.


In press or preprint

Bouvier, B., Gruunberg, R., Nilges, M., & Cazals, F. (in press). Shelling the voronoi interface of protein-protein complexes reveals patterns of residue conservation, dynamics and composition. Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics.

Not submitted for publication

Roskill, P. F. (1987). Ageing in a post-revolutionary society. Unpublished manuscript.

Submitted for publication

Pardue, G. K., & Smythe, K. M. (2006). Going down for the third time: A study of the British motor industry in the 21st century. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Citation in Text

Not submitted for publication

... the traditional respect for age (Roskill, 1987, p. 5) is seen to be declining ...

Submitted for publication

... so Jaguar's performance has led its parent, Ford, to consider selling the prestige brand (Pardue & Smythe, 2006, p. 31).


  • An article accepted for publication in a journal, described as "in press" or a "preprint", but not yet published is treated differently. Use the format for a printed journal article, but instead of the year include (in press) and omit volume, part and page details, as these cannot be confirmed until the article is actually published.