Film [from Audio visual source using APA 5th ed.]


The director or producer, or both, take the place of the author and the words "Motion picture" are added in square brackets after the title of the film.

Standard Form

Name of primary contributor - the director or producer, or both, Initials. (Role of primary contributor). (year). Title of film [Motion picture]. Country of origin – where the film was primarily made and released: Name of studio.


Reed, C. (Director). (1949). The Third Man [Motion picture]. United Kingdom: British Lion/London Films.

Spielberg, S. (Director). (1993). Jurassic Park [Motion picture]. United States: Universal Pictures/Amblin Entertainment.

Citation in Text

… the performance of Orson Welles in The Third Man (Reed, 1949) …

In these scenes, Speilberg (1993) shows dramatically …


  • If the film doesn’t appear on the Library Catalogue, the Internet Movie Database is a good place to check all the details needed for a film reference (follow the Company credits link to find details about the film studios involved).
  • Alternatively, check Halliwell’s Film and Video Guide at 791.4303HAL in the University Library.