Radio: single episode from a series [from Audio visual source using APA 5th ed.]


Use the reference format of an edited book. The scriptwriter takes the place of the author, followed by the director and the words "Radio series episode" are added in square brackets after the title of the programme. Place the producer of the series in the editor position.

Standard Form

Name of primary contributor - the Writer, Initials and then the Director, Initials. (Role of primary contributor). (year). Title of programme [Radio series episode]. In Initials. Name of Producer/s (Producer), Title of series. City of origin – where the programme was made and released: Name of radio station.


Shrubsall, S. (Writer), & Silbert, R. (Director). (2006). Palm therapy [Radio series episode]. In M. Imrie (Producer), Afternoon play. London: BBC Radio 4.

Citation in Text

The writer (Shrubsall & Silbert, 2006) follows the fortunes of Simone ...


  • If details of the writer are not available, begin the reference with the director.
  • Tracing the details needed for a reference after the broadcast can be difficult. The best source of information is TRILT (Television and Radio Index for Learning and Teaching) which gives details of television and radio programmes schedules from 2001 onwards for over 330 different channels plus a substantial selection of terrestrial television programmes back to 1995.