Radio programme: published recording [from Audio visual source using APA 5th ed.]


This source is not covered by the APA style manual. Check with your lecturer before using this suggestion which is based on APA style.

A commercial distriibution of a programme may vary from the broadcast version, so if this is what you have heard, it is appropriate to reference it as such. This guidance follows patterns suggested by APA for other materials. In order that the source should be recoverable, it is more appropriate to give the publisher of the CD or audio cassette rather than the production company or broadcaster of the originally broadcast programme.

The director or producer, or both, take the place of the author and the words "Radio broadcast " are added in square brackets after the title of the programme. The format of the recording is given in square brackets following this.

Standard Form

Name of primary contributor - the Director or Producer, or both, Initials. (Role of primary contributor). (year). Title of programme [Radio broadcast][Format - CD or audio cassette]. Place of publicaton: Publisher.


Dixon, P. (Producer). (1956, 10 January). Wings over Dagenham [Radio broadcast][CD]. [London]: BBC.

House, G. (Director). (2000, 28 August). Forty years on [Radio broadcast][CD]. London: BBC.

Citation in Text

... anarchic humour of Milligan (Dixon, 1956) in an episode of the Goon show ...

... radio version of Bennett's play (House, 2000) shows how verbal the style is ...



  • If the full date is not available, use the year alone.
  • If the place of publication is not on the referenced item, but is otherwise known, enclose in square brackets [].