Briefing or working paper [from Print source using APA 5th ed.]


The format for a briefing or working paper is very much like a book, with author, year, title, place of publication and publisher.  However, if it comes from a recognised series, include the series title and number in round brackets after the title.

Standard Form

Author, initials. (year). Title of the working paper (Series title number). Place of publication: Publisher.


Benito, A., & Young, G. (2002). Financial pressure and balance sheet adjustments by UK firms (Bank of England No. 168). London: Bank of England.

Citation in Text

Benito and Young (2002, p.7) demonstrate that equity finance can play an important role ...