Webpage [from Electronic source using APA 5th ed.]


Webpages can be volatile and subject to unannounced change. Therefore, it is important include the internet address (or URL) for the webpage you accessed, as it may not be at that location when your work is assessed. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the technical term for a webpage address. URLs can change, for example if the material you are viewing is generated 'on-the-fly' using content management software. URLs from these sites may be only viewable at the time of retrieval.

Whenever possible the URL you give should be a stable URL and link directly to the webpage itself. A stable URL, also known as a 'permament link' will not be generated 'on-the-fly' and is more likely to remain accessible. To check if a link to a URL is stable, paste the link into the address bar of an Internet browser to make sure that it works. If there is no stable URL for the item, give the homepage of the website.

Although you must give the full Internet address (or URL) in your reference list, you do not show this in the body of your essay. Your in-text reference must match the start of the reference as it appears in your reference list. Use the author if your reference has one; otherwise use the first few words of the title.

One of the examples below is from Wikipedia. Please note that some departments ban the use of Wikipedia in written work. Check your department's policy before referencing this source.

Standard Form

Author, Initials. (year). Title. Retrieved month day, year, from Internet address


Call to stop children's drinking. (2007). Retrieved April 27, 2007, from the BBC News website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6596515.stm

Deciding your future. (2000). Retrieved September 5, 2001, from University of Portsmouth, Careers Service website: www.port.ac.uk/departments/careers/plancareer/deciding-your-future.htm

Diana, Princess of Wales. (2006, November 9). Retrieved February 13, 2006, from the Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Princess_Diana

Banks, I. (n.d.). The NHS Direct healthcare guide. Retrieved August 29, 2001, from www.healthcareguide.nhsdirect.nhs.uk

Citation in Text

Alcohol Concern ("Call to stop", 2007) have proposed various policies to reduce children's drinking ...

For a basic introduction to career planning, ("Deciding your future", 2000) you might ...

... her influence on the Ottawa Treaty ("Diana, Princess of Wales", 2006) is disputed ...

Banks (n.d., para 32) states that ...




  • If no date appears on the item you are trying to reference, insert (n.d.) where you would normally give the year.
  • If the author is not given, begin your reference with the title of the document.
  • If a document is part of a large website such as that for a university or government department, give the name of the parent organization and the relevant department before the Internet address:

Alexander, J., & Tate, M. A. (2001). Evaluating web resources. Retrieved August 21, 2001, from Widener University, Wolfgram Memorial Library website: