Academic journal article: same as print version [from Electronic source using APA 5th ed.]
This includes sources which are in PDF format.
Use the same reference format as for the print version of the article but add "Electronic version" in square brackets after the title.
Author, Initials. (year). Title of article [Electronic version]. Title of Journal, Volume number - if there is one(issue number), start and end page numbers of article.
In press or preprint
Peltzer, J., Carpentier, G., Martelly, I., Courty, J.. & Keller, A. (2010). Transitions towards either slow-oxidative or fast-glycolytic phenotype can be induced in the murine WTt myogenic cell line [Electronic version]. Journal of Celllular Biochemistry. Advance online publication.
Ki-Moon, B. (2006). For permanent peace. [Electronic version]. Harvard International Review, 28(2), 24-25.
Lussier, R. N., & Pfeifer, S. (2001). A crossnational prediction model for business success [Electronic version]. Journal of Small Business Management, 39(3), 228-239.
Phillips, L. R. (2000). Domestic violence and aging women [Electronic version]. Geriatric Nursing, 21(4), 188-193.
Citation in Text
...focus on attempts to resolve the nuclear issue (Ki-Moon, 2006, p.4).
It has been found (Lussier & Pfeifer, 2001, p. 230) that.....
Phillips (2000, pp. 191-192) states that...
- An article accepted for publication in a journal, described as "in press" or a "preprint", but not yet published is treated differently. Insert the words "Advance online publication" after the journal title.
- Articles may be supplied as copyright-cleared scans of a printed article. Use this style for scans of this type. Use the pagination of the original.
- If no date appears on the item you are trying to reference, insert (n.d.) where you would normally give the year.