The Referencing@Portsmouth interactive guide helps you to reference your sources correctly. Please read our overview page before using this service.

The Referencing@Portsmouth interactive guide helps you reference sources correctly based on published style guides and local practice.

Which Reference Style Should I Use?

Most departments at Portsmouth use the APA 6th ed. style. Exceptions include:

  • If writing about law, or for a qualifying law degree, and asked for footnotes use the OSCOLA style
  • The School of Pharmacy & Biomedical Sciences uses the Vancouver style
  • History units taught in the School of Social, Historical & Literary Studies use the Chicago 16th ed. style. Guidance is available from The Chicago Manual of Style Online.
  • Biology related subjects use a slightly altered version of the APA style

Check your course/unit handbook if unsure.

Select a reference source from the dropdown and optionally a specific style & media.


or browse the Table of Contents

Notes on your selection

This includes bills, command papers, explanantory notes to Acts of Parliament and parliamentary debates from Hansard. This DOES NOT include legal material such as statutes (Acts) and statutory instruments which can be found listed under Legal material