Table of Contents for OSCOLA

Article

 

This includes articles from journals, magazines and newspapers

 

Academic journal article

 

This includes academic journals, which are also referred to as peer-reviewed or scholarly journals

   Academic journal article [from Print source]
   Academic journal article from a database: different from print version [from Electronic source]
   Academic journal article from a website: different from print version [from Electronic source]
   Academic journal article: same as print version [from Electronic source]
 

Magazine article

 

This includes monthly and weekly magazines, and trade publications

   Magazine article [from Print source]
 

Newspaper article

 

This includes newspaper articles from national and regional newspapers, and obituaries

   Newspaper article [from Print source]
   Newspaper article from a database: different from print version [from Electronic source]

Book

 

This includes whole books, book chapters, republished books, translated books, and entries in reference books such as dictionaries and encyclopaedias

 

Book in a language other than English

 

This includes books written languages which use Latin and non-Latin characters

   Book in a language other than English [from Print source]
 

Book translated into English

 

This includes non-English books translated into English

   Book translated into English [from Print source]
 

Book with author(s)

 

This includes books with a single author and books with multiple authors

   Book with multiple authors [from Print source]
   Book with single author [from Print source]
   E-book with author(s): different from print version [from Electronic source]
   E-book with author(s): same as print version [from Electronic source]
 

Book with corporate author

 

This includes books where an organisation or company is identified as the author

   Book with corporate author [from Print source]
 

Book with editor(s)

 

This includes books with a single editor and books with multiple editors

   Book with multiple editors [from Print source]
   Book with single editor [from Print source]
 

Book with no author or editor

 

This includes books where there are no identifiable authors or editors

   Book with no author [from Print source]
 

Chapter in an edited book

 

This includes books comprising chapters by different authors, with named editor(s)

   Chapter in an edited book [from Print source]
 

Entry with author(s) in a reference book

 

This includes authored entries in dictionaries, encyclopaedias, and reference books with separate articles arranged in alphabetical or subject order

   Entry with author(s) in a reference book [from Print source]
 

Entry with no author in a reference book

 

This includes entries where there are no identifiable authors in dictionaries, encyclopaedias, and reference books with separate articles arranged in alphabetical or subject order

   Entry with no author in a reference book [from Electronic source]
   Entry with no author in a reference book [from Print source]
 

Republished book

 

This includes classic texts republished in a new edition, with or without editorial essays and notes, but only where the original date of publication is clear

   Republished book [from Print source]

Legal material

 

Legal cases, of which the source may be law reports or transcripts, legislation such as statutes (also known as Acts) and statutory instruments. Do not use for case notes or case commentaries (treat these as articles) or Parliamentary material such as bills, command papers, explanantory notes to statutes (Acts) or debates from Hansard.

 

EU law

 

This includes EU cases and legislation such as Human Rights cases and legislation from the Official Journal of the European Union

  

EU case

  

This includes cases such as Human Rights cases

    Case: EU [from Electronic source]
    Case: EU [from Print source]
    Case: EU Human Rights [from Electronic source]
    Case: EU Human Rights [from Print source]
    Legislation: EU [from Electronic source]
  

EU legislation

  

This includes legislation from the Official Journal of the European Union

    Legislation: EU [from Print source]
    Official Journal of the European Union [from Electronic source]
    Official Journal of the European Union [from Print source]
 

UK law

 

UK cases and UK legislation such as statutes (also known as Acts) and statutory instruments. Do not use for case comments (a.k.a. case commentaries) which should be referenced as articles or Parliamentary material such as bills, command papers, explanantory notes Acts of Parliament or debates from Hansard.

   Statutory Instrument of the Welsh Assembly [from Electronic source]
  

UK case

  

This includes UK cases, of which the source may be law reports or transcripts. This DOES NOT include case comments (also known as case commentaries) which should be referenced as articles

    Case [from Electronic source]
    Case [from Print source]
  

UK legislation

  

This includes statutes (also known as Acts) and statutory instruments

    Statute (Act) [from Electronic source]
    Statute (Act) [from Print source]
    Statute (Act) of the Scottish Parliament [from Electronic source]
    Statute (Act) of the Scottish Parliament [from Print source]
    Statutory Instrument [from Electronic source]
    Statutory Instrument [from Print source]
    Statutory Instrument of the Welsh Assembly [from Print source]

Non-recoverable material

 

This includes personal communication such as letters, memos, emails, unarchived online forums, telephone conversations, and interviews, and public communication such as speeches, lectures, seminars and announcements

 

Personal communication

 

This includes personal communication such as lecture notes, letters, memos, emails, unarchived online forums, telephone conversations, and interviews.

   Personal communication [from Direct communication]
  

Interview

  
    Interview [from Direct communication]
 

Public communication

 

This includes public communication such as announcements, lectures, seminars and speeches

   Public communication [from Direct communication]

Non-text material

 

This includes artworks, broadcast and streamed media such as radio and television programmes (of which the source may be BBC iPlayer, 4oD, Box of Broadcasts (BoB) etc.), computer software, DVD recordings, films, images, live performances, mobile applications (apps), music, podcasts, streaming video (YouTube, TED talks, recorded webinars etc.), tables, and video games

 

Broadcast or streamed media

 

This includes radio and television programmes (of which the source may be BBC iPlayer, 4oD, Box of Broadcasts (BoB) etc.), podcasts, and streaming video (YouTube, TED talks, recorded webinars etc.)

  

Radio

  

This includes published recordings of radio programmes, single episodes from radios series, and single radio programmes

   

Radio programme: published recording

 
     Radio programme [from Audio visual source]
  

Television

  

This includes published recordings of television programmes, single episodes from television series, single television programmes, and whole television series

   

Television: single episode from a series

 
     Television: single episode from a series [from Audio visual source]
   

Television: single programme

 
     Television: single programme [from Audio visual source]

Parliamentary material

 

This includes bills, command papers, explanantory notes to Acts of Parliament and parliamentary debates from Hansard. This DOES NOT include legal material such as statutes (Acts) and statutory instruments which can be found listed under Legal material

 

Bill

 
   Bill [from Electronic source]
   Bill [from Print source]
 

Command paper

 
   Command paper [from Electronic source]
   Command paper [from Print source]
 

Explanatory Notes to Act of Parliament

 
   Explanatory Notes to Act of Parliament [from Print source]
 

Hansard

 
   Hansard [from Electronic source]
   Hansard [from Print source]

Report, paper or official publication

 

This includes company reports, Law Commission reports, publications from Government departments, briefing or working papers, and market research reports.

  Report [from Electronic source]
  Report [from Print source]
 

Company report

 

This includes annual reports

   Company report [from Print source]
 

Government publication

 

This includes publications from Government departments

   Government department publication [from Electronic source]
   Government department publication [from Print source]

Research material

 

This includes conference papers, dissertations, and theses

  Conference paper: published [from Electronic source]
 

Dissertation

 

This includes undergraduate and postgraduate student dissertations

   Dissertation [from Print source]

Social media

 

This includes blog post and comments, Twitter updates or tweets, Facebook pages and status updates, photos posted to Instagram, Google+ posts and messages posted to online forums or mailing lists, which have been archived and are recoverable.

 

Blog post or blog comment

 
   Blog post or Blog comment [from Electronic source]

Webpage or website

 

This includes specific webpages and whole websites. Use the webpage format if you are referring to a particular document or piece of information from a specifc webpage within a website. Use the website format ONLY when referencing an entire website from the homepage onwards or if you are making a passing reference to a website in the text of your work.

 

Webpage

 
   Webpage [from Electronic source]