Message posted to an online forum or mailing list [from Electronic source using APA 6th ed.]


Add [Online forum comment] after the title. No message identifier required. If it is a posting to an online mailing list add [Electronic mailing list message]. Note also the Re: before the subject, and that "Posted to" has been replaced with the more usual "Retrieved from".

Standard Form

Author, Initials. (year, month day). Re: Subject line of the message [Online forum comment] or[Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from web address


Electronic mailing list

Couper, P. (2006, September 26). Re: Discussion on fieldwork safety training in HE [Electronic mailing list message]. Retrieved from

Newsgroup, online forum or discussion group

Ullrich, D. (2002, December 19). Re: What is Functional Analysis useful for? [Online forum comment]. Retreived from

Citation in Text

Safety is not to be taken lightly (Couper, 2006) but it is necessary ...

The absolutist approach to SATs (Simons, 2000) leads to the rapid devaluation ...

... as stated by Ulrich (2002) there is no need to ...


  • If no date appears on the item you are trying to reference, insert (n.d.) where you would normally give the year.