Entry with author(s) in a reference book [from Print source using Vancouver]


Examples include dictionary or encyclopaedia/encyclopedia entries.

Look for an author of the entry (often at the end). The form of the reference is similar to that for a chapter in an edited book.

Don't panic if you see several dates inside the book. The date you need to use is the one which matches the edition of the book that you're using. Ignore any dates that are just listed as reprints or impressions. Look on the book cover and see if it says e.g. Fourth edition (it should also say this on the title page inside the book). In this case all that you need to show in your reference in the bibliography/reference list is the date for the 4th edition of the book (and also give the edition after the book title). Search for the book on the library catalogue to check the details needed for the reference if you are unsure.

Standard Form

Author of entry initials. Title of entry. In: Editor Initials, editors.[if any] Title of reference book. Nth ed.[if appropriate] Vol.[if any] No.[if any] Place of publication: Publisher; Date. p.pages



Bingham SA. Dietary intake measurement: methodology. In: Sadler MJ, Strain JJ, Caballero B, editors. Encyclopedia of human nutrition. Vol.1. San Diego: Academic Press; 1999. p. 564-9.

Jones BE. Capsules, hard. In: Swarbrick J, Boylan JC, editors. Encyclopedia of pharmaceutical technology. 2nd ed. Vol. 1. New York: Marcel Dekker; 2002. p. 302-16.

Lockwood L, O'Regan N, Owens JA. Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da. In: Sadie S, editor. The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians. 2nd ed. Vol.18. London: Macmillan Reference; 2001. p. 937-57.

Citation in Text

Remember this will be a running number at the first use of a reference. If the reference is re-used then repeat the number allocated. Keep your style constant, either parenthesis (number) throughout, or superscript number. Do not change between the two. If your department recommends a particular style then use that.

The identification of an accurate pharmacophore is a key objective in many drug discovery objectives.(9)


The identification of an accurate pharmacophore is a key objective in many drug discovery objectives.9


  • Pagination can be cut to the minimum possible so that pages 121-129 can be shortened to 121-9. Prefix letters can also be shortened e.g. S121-9, but use 121A-129A if letters are used as suffixes.