Book with no author [from Print source using OSCOLA]


If no personal author is given, check to see if any corporate body has acted as publisher or claimed editorial responsibility, and use that as an author e.g. Ministry of Justice, Department for Constitutional Affairs. If you can find no person or body acting as author, and you are convinced your source is an authoritative one for your purposes, begin the citation with the title. This style can be adapted for other materials where there is no author or editor.

Don't panic if you see several dates inside the book. The date you need to use is the one which matches the edition of the book that you're using. Ignore any dates that are just listed as reprints or impressions. Look on the book cover and see if it says e.g. Fourth edition (it should also say this on the title page inside the book). In this case all that you need to show in your reference in the bibliography is the date for the 4th edition of the book. Search for the book on the library catalogue to check the details needed for the reference if you are unsure.

Standard Form

As a footnote:

Title (additional information, Edition if later than first, Publisher Year) page if required.


Encyclopedia of Psychology (Routledge 1979) 356-359.

Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (10th edn, Merriam-Webster 1993) 54.

Reference List

List books alphabetically by the first word of the title under the heading Secondary Sources.

No full stop is required at the end of an entry in a Reference List as this is a list


  • If a book has a title and a subtitle, use the existing punctuation. Where there is none, insert a colon.
  • The place of publication need not be given.
  • Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 33-34.