Television: single programme [from Audio visual source using APA 6th ed.]


The director or producer, or both, take the place of the author and the words "Television broadcast " are added in square brackets after the title of the programme. The complete broadcast date is given, not simply the year.

Standard Form

Name of primary contributor - the Director or Producer, or both, Initials. (Role of primary contributor). (year, month day). Title of programme [Television broadcast]. City of origin – where the programme was made and released: Name of television channel.


Collinson-Jones, C. (Producer), & Dobson, E. (Director). (2003, July 14). Casualties of peace [Television broadcast]. London: Channel 4.

Marshall, L. (Producer), Pope J. (Producer), Hillman L. (Producer) & Glenaan, K. (Director).(2005, September 20). Derailed [Television broadcast]. London: BBC 1.

Citation in Text

This programme (Collinson-Jones & Dobson, 2003, July 14) demonstrates effectively ...

Disturbing findings are revealed (Marshall, Pope, Hillman & Glenaan, 2005, September 20) ...


  • When citing a progamme with three to five producers/directors, name all of them the first time and subsequently use et al. (and others), e.g. (Marshall et al., 2005).
  • Tracing the details needed for a reference after the broadcast can be difficult. The best source of information is TRILT (Television and Radio Index for Learning and Teaching) which gives details of television and radio programmes schedules from 2001 onwards for over 330 different channels plus a substantial selection of terrestrial television programmes back to 1995.