Television: single episode from a series [from Audio visual source using APA 6th ed.]

Overview

Use the same reference format as for a chapter in an edited book, but the scriptwriter takes the place of the author, followed by the director, and the executive producer takes the place of the editor. The words "Television series episode" are added in square brackets after the title of the programme.

Provide the web address if you downloaded or accessed the recording via the web. If the content is behind a login screen (e.g. Box of Broadcasts) or a paywall (e.g. Netflix), or if the content is easily available by search, provide the home page URL of the site e.g. http://bobnational.net

Standard Form

 

Name of primary contributor - the Writer, Initials and then the Director, Initials. (Role of primary contributor). (year). Title of episode [Television series episode]. In Initials. Name of Producer/s (Producer), Title of series. City of origin – where the programme was made and released: Name of television channel.

or

Name of primary contributor - the Writer, Initials and then the Director, Initials. (Role of primary contributor). (year). Title of episode [Television series episode]. In Initials. Name of Producer/s (Producer), Title of series. Retrieved from web address

Examples

Fraser, R. (Writer), & Geoghegan, S. (Director). (2003). Eyes wide open [Television series episode]. In P. Goodman (Producer), Holby City. London: BBC1.

Fraser, R. (Writer), & Geoghegan, S. (Director). (2003). Eyes wide open [Television series episode]. In P. Goodman (Producer), Holby City. Retrieved from http://bobnational.net

Fraser, R. (Writer), & Geoghegan, S. (Director). (2003). Eyes wide open [Television series episode]. In P. Goodman (Producer), Holby City. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer

Schama, S. (Writer & Presenter), (2001). Revolutions [Television series episode]. In M. Ibeji (Producer) & M. Davidson (Executive Producer), A History of Britain. London: BBC2.

Citation in Text

This episode (Fraser & Geoghegan, 2003), like so many others ...

Schama (2001) dramatically presents ...

Notes

  • If details of the writer are not available, begin the reference with the director.
  • Tracing the details needed for a reference after the broadcast can be difficult. The best source of information is TRILT (Television and Radio Index for Learning and Teaching) which gives details of television and radio programmes schedules from 2001 onwards for over 330 different channels plus a substantial selection of terrestrial television programmes back to 1995.