Abstract as an original source [from Electronic source using APA 6th ed.]

Overview

Abstracts are only short summaries of the subject matter of articles, so it is better practice to read and comment on (and thus reference) the full article. Reference the abstract as for the full article, but put [Abstract] after the article title. If you are referencing an abstract which appears with an article, written by the author of the article, use this format.

Standard Form

Article from a database or website: different from print version:

Author, Initials. (year, plus month and day if given). Title of article [Absract]. Title of Journal, Volume number(Issue number) - if available. Retrieved from web address


Article: same as print version:

Author, Initials. (year). Title of article [Abstract]. Title of Journal, Volume number(Issue number), start and end page numbers of article. http://dx.doi.org/number of digital object identifier

Examples

Article from a database or website: different from print version:

Lyttelton, C. (2002, October 1). Estate of the art [Abstract]. ArtReview. Retrieved from http://www.lexisnexis.com/uk/nexis

Cacchiani, S. (2006). Dis/similarities between patient information leaflets in Britain and Italy: Implications for the translator [Abstract]. New Voices in Translation Studies 2. Retrieved from http://www.iatis.org/images/stories/publications/new-voices/Issue2-2006/cacchiani-paper-2006.pdf

Article: same as print version:

Lussier, R. N., & Pfeifer, S. (2001). A crossnational prediction model for business success [Abstract]. Journal of Small Business Management, 39(3), 228-239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/0447-2778.00021

Ki-Moon, B. (2006). For permanent peace [Abstract]. Harvard International Review, 28(2), 24-25. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=21684953&site=eds-live