Newspaper article from a website: different from print version [from Electronic source using APA 6th ed.]


Webpages can be volatile and subject to unannounced change. Unlike printed newspapers where the text is captured at the point of publication and cannot be amended or suppressed, newspaper websites may be altered or removed to limit any financial liability if there is any threat of legal action. Therefore, it is important include the web address (or URL) for the webpage you accessed, as it may not be at that location when your work is assessed. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the technical term for a webpage address. URLs can change, for example if the material you are viewing is generated 'on-the-fly' using content management software. URLs from these sites may be only viewable at the time of retrieval.

Whenever possible the URL you give should be a stable URL and link directly to the webpage itself. A stable URL, also known as a 'permalink' will not be generated 'on-the-fly' and is more likely to remain accessible. To check if a link to a URL is stable, paste the link into the address bar of an Internet browser to make sure that it works. If there is no stable URL for the item, give the homepage of the website.

Although you must give the full web address (or URL) in your reference list, you do not show this in the body of your essay. Your in-text reference must match the start of the reference as it appears in your reference list. Use the author if your reference has one; otherwise use the first few words of the title.

The examples below include an obituary.

Standard Form

Author, Initials. (year, month day). Title of the article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from web address



Goodman, G. (1999, June 29). Lord Robens of Woldingham. A lost Labour leader who rules the coal mines, delayed their demise and ended his career as a captain of industry. The Guardian. Retrieved from

With stable URL

McKeown, S. (2007, March 20). Words of encouragement. The Guardian. Retrieved from,,2037520,00.htm

Without stable URL

Hofkins, D. (2005, April 25). Sounding out the truth. Times Educational Supplement. Retrieved from

Risks and remedies: diabetes prevention in a cuppa Joe? (2006, June 27). New York Times. Retrieved from

Citation in Text

"Robens made his mark with considerbale diplomatic skill in handling a period of tense industrial relations" (Goodman, 1999, para. 4).


  • If no date appears on the item you are trying to reference, insert (n.d.) where you would normally give the year.
  • Named authors (bylines) are sometimes found at the end of newspaper articles. 
  • If there is no identifiable author (byline), begin your reference with the title of the article. Cite the first few words of the article title in the text of your work and use double quotation marks around the title.
  • If page numbers are discontinuous, give all page numbers and separate the numbers with a comma.