E-book with editor(s): same as print version [from Electronic source using APA 6th ed.]

Overview

This format is for e-books with editor(s) which are facsimiles of the printed book. Examples are found in e-book collections such as Ebook Central (formerly ebrary), MyiLibrary, dawsonera, JISC Historic Books, EBSCOhost, Google Books, and Oxford Scholarship Online. E-books can be viewed online, and some can be downloaded onto a computer or mobile device using the Adobe Digital Editions or the Bluefire reader for example.

Many electronic sources do not provide page numbers. If paragraph numbers are visible, use them in place of page numbers (using the abbreviation para.), e.g. para. 582. Alternatively, cite the chapter or section, followed by the paragraph number (if appropriate) e.g. Chapter 4, para. 3). 

You will need to quote the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if there is one; otherwise use the web address.  A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. All DOI numbers begin with 10 and contain a prefix and suffix separated by a slash. If there is no DOI, give the web address (or URL) of the e-book. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the technical term for a webpage address. URLs can change, for example if the material you are viewing is generated 'on-the-fly' using content management software. URLs from these sites may be only viewable at the time of retrieval.

Whenever possible the URL you give should be a stable URL and link directly to the webpage itself. A stable URL, also known as a 'permalink' will not be generated 'on-the-fly' and is more likely to remain accessible. To check if a link to a URL is stable, paste the link into the address bar of an Internet browser to make sure that it works. For books from online collections such as ebrary, MyiLibrary, dawsonera and Google Books, give the web address of the e-book collection homepage rather than the full URL of the e-book.

The Discovery Service provides a permanent link known as a 'Permalink' for each item in its index, including those in HTML format.  To see the Permalink, click on the title of the item and look under Tools on the right-hand-side of the screen where you will see a Permalink link. Click on this link and the URL will be displayed for you to copy and paste into your reference.

Although you must give the full web address (or URL) in your reference list, you do not show this in the body of your essay. Your in-text reference must match the start of the reference as it appears in your reference list. Use the editor(s) if your reference has one; otherwise use the first few words of the title.

Standard Form

E-book with DOI

Single editor:
Editor, Initials (Ed.). (year). Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed.). http://dx.doi.org/number of digital object identifier

Multiple editors:
Editor, Initials, & Editor, Initials (Eds.). (year). Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed.). http://dx.doi.org/number of digital object identifier

E-book without DOI viewed online in Ebook Central (formerly ebrary), MyiLibrary etc.

Single editor:
Editor, Initials (Ed.). (year). Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed.). Retrieved from web address

Multiple editors:
Editor, Initials, & Editor, Initials (Eds.). (year). Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed.). Retrieved from web address

E-book downloaded using Adobe Digital Editions, Bluefire etc.

Single editor:
Editor, Initials (Ed.). (year). Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed.) [e-book version if known]. Retrieved from web address

Multiple editors:
Editor, Initials, & Editor, Initials (Eds.). (year). Title of book (Edition if later than first e.g. 3rd ed.) [e-book version if known]. Retrieved from web address

Examples

E-book without DOI viewed online in EBook Central (formely ebrary), MyiLibrary etc.

Multiple editors:
Schmid, A. P., & Hindle, G. F. (Eds.). (2009). After the War on Terror: Regional and multilateral perspectives on counter-terrorism strategy. Retrieved from http://www.rusi.org/downloads/assets/After_The_War_On_Terror.pdf

E-book downloaded using Adobe Digital Editions, Bluefire etc.

Single editor:
Gup, B. E. (Ed.). (2003). The future of banking [Adobe Digital Editions version]. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com/lib/portsmouth

Citation in Text

The fact there there were no metrics to measure success ... (Schmid & Hindle, 2009, p. 34)

... defended separation against market-generated incentives (Gup, 2003, p. 77).

 

Notes

  • If you have a chapter of a book supplied as a copyright-cleared scan, use this style for an authored book, or adapt this style to that for a chapter in an edited book, if that is what you have used. Use the pagination of the original.
  • If the online version refers to a print edition, include the edition number after the title inside brackets.  Otherwise, leave out this part of the reference.

  • List up to seven authors in the reference. For eight or more authors, include the first six authors' names, then insert an ellipsis ( . . . ), and add the last author's name.

Citing multiple authors in the text of your work:

  • With two authors both names should be listed in each citation e.g. (Duncan & Goddard, 2003, p. 99).

  • With three to five authors, name all authors the first time, then use et al. (and others). For example: the first time it would be (Moore, Estrich, McGillis, & Spelman, 1984, p. 33) and subsequent references to the same publication would use (Moore et al., 1984, p. 33).

  • Note that when the in-text reference occurs naturally within the sentence "and" should be used before the final author. But when the entire reference is enclosed in brackets the ampersand (&) should be used.