Online newspaper article [from Electronic source using Vancouver]


If there is a named author (byline) begin the reference with the author.

If there is no byline, put the title of the item in the place of the author.

Give as much location information as possible to locate the article. Use the terminology as used by paper. This includes starting column number counting from the left.

If pagination is not continuous quote pages separated by a comma

Standard Form

Author Initials. Title of the article. Title of newspaper [Internet]. year month day [cited year month day]. Available from: URL


Stoppard M. New vaccine could help to fight cancer. Daily Mirror [Internet]. 2016 May 13 [cited 2016 May 16]. Available from:

Citation in Text

Remember this will be a running number at the first use of a reference. If the reference is re-used then repeat the number allocated. Keep your style constant, either parenthesis (number) throughout, or superscript number. Do not change between the two. If your department recommends a particular style then use that.

The technique is used to treat eye cancers. (10)


The technique is used to treat eye cancers.10


  • Vancouver allows months to be shortened to their first three letters.