Newspaper article from a database: different from print version [from Electronic source using OSCOLA]

Overview

 This is an interpretation of OSCOLA guidance. Check with your lecturer before using this suggestion, which is based on the scheme's guiding principles of consistency and consideration for the reader.

If the article is from the internet and no page number is available, provide the website address within angled brackets and the most recent date of access.

If the article is from a database and no page number is available, give the name of the database and date of most recent access. Databases such as Lexis Library and Nexis UK usually give the first page number of the article, which you could use in your reference. If it is a very short article, you can assume that it is likely to appear only on one page in a newspaper, so you can include the first page number in your reference and there is no need to include details of the database you retrieved it from.

If the author is not named, begin the footnote with the title. If the reference is to an editorial, the author is cited as Editorial.

Standard Form

As a footnote:

Author, 'Article Title' Name of Newspaper (City of publication, day Month year) page or if page not available <web address> accesed day Month year.

or

Author, 'Article Title' Name of Newspaper (City of publication, day Month year) page or if page not available Database title accesed day Month year.

Examples

Newspaper article from the internet

A Travis, 'MI5 Report Challenges Views on Terrorism in Britain' The Guardian (London 21 August 2008) <http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/aug/20/uksecurity.terrorism1> accessed 27 August 2008.

Newspaper articles from a databases such as Lexis Library and Nexis UK

'Caffeine Linked to Mental Illness' New York Times (13 July 1991) 21.

This is a very short article and you can assume that it is likely to appear only on one page in a newspaper. Databases such as Lexis Library and Nexis UK usually give the first page number of the article, therefore, there is no need to include details of the database you retrieved it from.

Newspaper articles from a databases such as Lexis Library and Nexis UK

A Travis, 'MI5 Report Challenges Views on Terrorism in Britain' The Guardian (London 21 August 2008) Lexis Library database accessed 27 August 2008.

This is a longer article which might spread over more pages than the one given by Lexis Library. Therefore, you need to include details of the database you retrieved it from to explain the lack of pinpoint referencing.

Newspaper articles from a databases such as Lexis Library and Nexis UK

Editorial, 'Redemption, Rehabilitation and Basic Human Rights' The Independent (London 22 August 2007) 3.

This is a very short article and you can assume that it is likely to appear only on one page in a newspaper. Databases such as Lexis Library and Nexis UK usually give the first page number of the article, therefore, there is no need to include details of the database you retrieved it from.

Reference List

List newspaper articles alphabetically by author's last name under the heading Secondary Sources. If it is an Editorial, list alphabetically under Editorial. If there is no author, list alphabetically by the first word/s of the title at the beginning of list under the heading Secondary Sources.

In your bibliography, the author's surname should precede his or her initial(s), with no comma separating them, but a comma after the first initial. Only initials should be used, not forenames, e.g.

Travis A, 'MI5 Report Challenges Views on Terrorism in Britain' The Guardian (London 21 August 2008) <http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/aug/20/uksecurity.terrorism1> accessed 27 August 2008

Notes

  • Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 42.