E-book with author(s): same as print version [from Electronic source using OSCOLA]


OSCOLA guidance states that these do not need to be referenced differently from their printed versions, and as with the printed versions, you will need to include details of the edition and year published.

This style is for e-books which are facsimiles of the printed book. Examples are found in such collections as Ebook Central and dawsonera.

Standard Form

As a footnote:

Author (Initials or Forename unpunctuated followed by Surname), Title (additional information, Edition if later than first, Publisher Year of publication) page if required.


Doreen J McBarnet, Conviction: Law, the State and the Construction of Justice (Oxford socio-legal studies, Macmillan 1981) 67.

Gareth Jones, Goff and Jones: The Law of Restitution (1st supp, 7th edn, Sweet & Maxwell 2009.

H Gardner, The Arts and Human Development (Wiley 1973) 38.

J Peeler, Building Democracy in Latin America (2nd edn, Lynne Reiner 2004) 21.

Reference List

E-books are listed alphabetically by the author's surname under the heading Secondary Sources.

No full stop is required at the end of an entry in a Reference List as this is a list.

In your bibliography, the author's surname should precede his or her initial(s), with no comma separating them, but a comma after the first initial. Only initials should be used, not forenames, e.g.

McBarnet DJ, Conviction: Law, the State and the Construction of Justice (Oxford socio-legal studies, Macmillan 1981)


  • If a book has a title and a subtitle, use the existing punctuation. Where there is none, insert a colon.
  • The place of publication need not be given.
  • Use the above style for scans of books which have been taken directly from printed books, or any other e-book which is also scanned from the printed version and exactly reproduces it. Other scans of out-of-copyright books, such as may be found via sites such as Project Gutenberg, are generally plain text or HTML files, and you should use the format for e-texts.
  • If you have a chapter of a book supplied as a copyright-cleared scan, use this style for an authored book, or adapt this style to that for a chapter in an edited book, if that is what you have used. Use the pagination of the original.
  • Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 34-36.