E-book with author(s): different from print version [from Electronic source using OSCOLA]

Overview

 This is an interpretation of OSCOLA guidance. Check with your lecturer before using this suggestion, which is based on the scheme's guiding principles of consistency and consideration for the reader.

E-texts present some problems in citation, as they may not have page numbers. You will need to give the URL, and date of access in your reference, as there may be more than one version on the web.

If you can find no person or body acting as author, and you are convinced your source is an authoritative one for your purposes, begin the citation with the title.

If the book is from the internet and no page numbers are available, provide the website address within angled brackets and the most recent date of access.

If the book is from the internet and page numbers are available such as e-texts from Oxford Scholarship Online, there is no need to include details of the website address or the most recent date of access.

If the book is from a database such as Westlaw of Lexis Library, section numbers are usually given, which you could use instead of page numbers in your reference.

Standard Form

As a footnote:

Book from the internet and no page numbers available:

Author(s) or Editor(s) (Initials or Forename unpunctuated followed by Surname), Title (Date of issue if available) <Web address> accessed day Month year.

Book from the internet and page numbers are available:
Author(s) or Editor(s) (Initials or Forename unpunctuated followed by Surname), Title (Edition if later than first, Publisher Publication year) page if required.

Book from a database and section numbers are available:
Author or Editor(s) (Initials or Forename unpunctuated followed by Surname), Title (Edition if later than first, Publisher Publication year) section/sections (abbreviated to s/ss).

Examples

Book from a database and section numbers are available:

1 Anthony Hooper and David Ormerod (eds), Blackstone's Criminal Practice (Oxford University Press 2010) s D1.8.

Book from a database and section numbers are available:

AV Dicey, Dicey, Morris and Collins on the Conflict of Laws (14th edn, Sweet & Maxwell 2006)
s 26-039.

Book from the internet and no page numbers are available:

OW Holmes, The Common Law <http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext00/cmnlw10.txt> accessed 27 August 2008.

Book from the Internet and page numbers are available:

SW Brenner, Cyberthreats: The Emerging Fault Lines of the Nation State (Oxford University Press 2009) 163.

Reference List

E-books are listed alphabetically by the author's surname under the heading Secondary Sources.

No full stop is required at the end of an entry in a Reference List as this is a list.

In your bibliography, the author's surname should precede his or her initial(s), with no comma separating them, but a comma after the first initial. Only initials should be used, not forenames, e.g.

Dicey AV, Dicey, Morris and Collins on the Conflict of Laws (14th edn, Sweet & Maxwell 2006)

 

Notes

  • If a book has a title and a subtitle, use the existing punctuation. Where there is none, insert a colon.
  • The place of publication need not be given.
  • Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 34-36.