Report [from Electronic source using OSCOLA]


If documents found on the internet are clearly available as books or articles in hardcopy print format they should be referenced as such. Useful clues to look for are ISBNs (for books), ISSNs (for journals) or a pdf format with clear publication details.

More ephemeral or internal working documents such as briefing papers, fact sheets, press releases may be better treated as reports rather than articles or books. Additional information, including a description of the document, a series number and any other details which may help the reader to locate the source should be referred to in parenthesis after the title. The corporate author is listed in the author position and does not need to be repeated as publisher.

If a document has nothing to indicate that it has ever been published in a hardcopy print format, or is not in PDF format i.e. electronic fascimile of the print version, it is advisable to give details of its web publication by giving the web address and date of access as required for websites.

For journal articles, give the publication date in square brackets if it identifies the volume and in round brackets where the journal volumes are numbered consecutively. The issue/part number of a journal should NOT be included unless each issue/part within a volume of a journal starts at page 1 (i.e. are not consecutively paginated): in that case put the issue number in parentheses after the volume number.

Standard Form

As a footnote:

Use the appropriate format as indicated above i.e.


Author (Initials or Forename unpunctuated followed by Surname), Title (Additional information, Edition if later than first, Publisher Publication year) page number if required.


Author, 'Article Title' [(Publication date in round or square brackets as above)] Volume/Issue/Part number if necessary (see advice above) Journal Name (abbreviated as above) first page number of article, pinpoint page if required.

Report or other document (from web but also available in print or PDF format)

Author, 'Title' (Additonal information, edition if later than first, Publisher day Month year if available) page if required.

Report or other document (web-based only)

Author (or use two joined em dashes if author is not identifed), 'Title' (Additional information, date of issue if available) <full web address> accessed date.

NB The full web address and date of access only need to be given for reports or other documents that are web-based only.


Report or other document (from web but also available in print or PDF format)

Prime Minister's Office, 'Briefing on: Iraq, Musharraf, Georgia, Law and Order, Maternity Leave and Misc' (No 10 Press Briefing, 18 August 2008).

Commission of the European Communities, 'Further Guidance on Allocation Plans for the 2008 to 2012 Trading Period of the EU Emission Trading Scheme' COM (2005) 703 final, 5.

CAN-Europe, World Wildlife Fund, Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth Europe, 'ECCP EU ETS Review Process: Written Comments CAN-Europe, Friends of the Earth Europe, Greenpeace and WWF' (June 2007) 2.

Malta: Ministry of Rural Affairs and the Environment, 'Memorandum on a Communication from the Commission: Report on Demonstrable Progress under the Kyoto Protocol (Required under Article 5(3) of Decision 280/2004/EC concerning a Mechanism for Monitoring Community Greenhouse Gas Emissions and for Implementing the Kyoto Protocol)' COM (2005) 615).

Report or other document (web-based only)

Amnesty International, 'Human Rights in Slovak Republic' (Report, 2009) <> accessed 23 February 2010.

Reference List

List reports alphabetically under the heading Secondary Sources.

No full stop is required at the end of an entry in a Reference List as this is a list.


  • For company annual reports see entry for Company Reports
  • For Parliamentary reports see entry for Hansard
  • Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 39.