Academic journal article [from Print source using OSCOLA]


Make sure you understand the pattern of the journal - does it have a volume number which remains the same throughout the year, or does the volume number increase during the year? Do the page numbers in each issue or part restart at page 1 or do they increase through each succeeding issue or part?

Give the publication date in square brackets if it identifies the volume (and omit the volume number) and in round brackets where the journal volumes are numbered consecutively during the year (and include the volume number). The issue/part number of a journal should NOT be included unless each issue/part within a volume of a journal starts at page 1 (i.e. are not consecutively paginated): in that case put the issue number in parentheses after the volume number.

The author of an article is followed by the title of the article in single inverted commas but unlike books, it is not in italics. The main title words need to start with a capital letter even if the original does not.

When citing a journal article, the title is normally abbreviated. Use the Cardiff Index to Legal Abbreviations to choose the preferred abbreviation for any legal source omitting punctuation wherever possible. Otherwise use the abbreviation given in the journal itself or abbreviate titles using the guidance in the Appendix to the OSCOLA scheme itself.

Place a comma between the number of the first page of the article and the pinpoint.

Standard Form

As a footnote:

Author, 'Article Title' [(Publication year in round or square brackets as above)] Volume/Issue/Part number if necessary (see advice above) Journal Name (abbreviated as above) first page number of article, pinpoint page if required.

Treat case notes or case commentaries in the same way as journal articles. If there is no article title, put the party names in single inverted commas and in italics e.g. 'Accentuate Ltd v Asigra Inc' and add (note) after the journal citation, e.g.

G Blank and R Nazzini, 'Accentuate Ltd v Asigra Inc' GCLR [2010] 4 (note).

If the case is identified in the text, it is not necessary to put the party names in the footnote, in which case you could use the case citation, e.g.

A Ashworth, [2006] Crim LR 441 (case comment).



1 David L Weimer, 'Cultural Analysis: Politics, Public Law and Administration' [2009] J Comp Pol'y Analysis 409.

Sandra Fredman, 'Equality: A New Generation?' [2001] ILJ 145, 158.

3 R Flannigan, 'Fiduciary Duties of Shareholders and Directors' [2004] JBL 277, 284.

4 M Oldham, 'Undue Influence and Parallel Proceedings' [2001] CLJ 250.

5 Michael Naughton, 'Rethinking Miscarriages of Justice' (2008) 186 Crim Law 3.

6 M O'Neill, 'A Critical Analysis of the EU Legal Provisions on Terrorism' [2008] Terrorism and Politcal Violence 26, 32.

Reference List

List journal articles alphabetically by author's last name under the heading Secondary Sources. 

In your bibliography, the author's surname should precede his or her initial(s), with no comma separating them, but a comma after the first initial. Only initials should be used, not forenames. No full stop is required at the end of an entry in a Reference List as this is a list.

If your articles are case notes or comentaries on cases not cited separately in your text the cases should still be listed by title under Cases with their best citation in your bibliography 


Accentuate Ltd v Asigra Inc GCLR [2010]

R (Singh) v Chief Constable of the West Midlands Police [2006] Crim LR 441

Secondary sources

Ashworth A, [2006] Crim LR 441 (note)

Flannigan R, 'Fiduciary Duties of Shareholders and Directors' [2004] JBL 277

Blank G and Nazzini R, 'Accentuate Ltd v Asigra Inc' GCLR [2010] 4 (note)




  • Treat multiple authors in the same way as multiple authors of books. If there is no author, begin the footnote with the title.
  • Cite "in press" or "preprint" articles in the same way as published articles, following the citation with forthcoming in round brackets. If volume and/or page numbers are not yet know, simply omit that information.
  • Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 37-38 and