Case: EU [from Print source using OSCOLA]

Overview

The preferred source for cases from the European Court of Justice (ECJ) or the Court of First Instance (CFI) is the European Court Reports (ECR). ECJ cases are reported in the ECR I series (volume 1) and CFI cases are reported in the ECR II series (volume 2). The series numbers are attached to the page number with a dash and follow the abbreviated series title e.g. ECR I-4921, ECR II-669.

If an ECR citation is not available, you may cite the Common Market Law Reports (CMLR). If the case is in any UK law reports series, you can cite these using the same order of preference as for UK cases i.e. the Official Law Reports (Appeal Cases, Queen’s Bench etc.), the Weekly Law Reports (WLR) and then the All England Reports (All ER). For unreported cases cite the relevant notice in the Official Journal of the European Communities (OJ). If the case has not been reported in the OJ, give the case number, case name, court and date of judgement.

Cases since 1989 have been numbered according to whether they have come from the European Court of Justice (prefix C) or the Court of First Instance (prefix T). Cases before 1989 have no prefix at all. The case number is cited before the party names with no punctuation between them.

Standard Form

As a footnote:

Case number (cases since 1989 designated as C if European Court of Justice or T if Court of First Instance) case name [Year] Law report series abbreviation first page, pinpoint paragraph (para) or paragraphs (paras) if required.

As with UK cases the first mention of a case name in the text needs to be in full, after which it can be shortened,

e.g in Aluminium Silicon Mill Products GmbH v Council of the European Union can be shortened after the first mention to ... in the Aluminium Silicon Mill case or ... in Aluminium Silicon Mill

similarly in footnotes

C-430 and 431/93 Jereon van Schijndel v Stichtung Pensioenfonds voor Fysiotherapeuten [1995] ECR I-4705 para 23

Jereon van Schijndel (n1) para 5

Examples

Case 240/83 Procureur de la Republique v ADBHU [1985] ECR 531.

Case C-415/93 Union Royale Belge des Societes de Football Association ASBL v Jean-Marc Bosman [1995] ECR I-4921.

Case T-107/04 Aluminium Silicon Mill Products GmbH v Council of the European Union [2007] ECR II- 669, paras 34-36.

Joined cases

Case C-430 and 431/93 Jereon van Schijndel v Stichtung Pensioenfonds voor Fysiotherapeuten [1995] ECR I-4705

Reference List

In text and in footnote citations the “title” of a case or the party names are always printed in italics in a reference list they are not. Remember to omit any pinpoint references at this point to.

No full stop is required at the end of an entry in a Reference List as this is a list.

If you have only a few EU cases referenced it is probably easier to integrate them in a single list with other cases thus

Aluminium Silicon Mill Products GmbH v Council of the European Union  (T-107/04) [2007] ECR II- 669

Arne Mathisen AS v Council (T- 344/99) [2002] ECRII-2905

Jereon van Schijndel v Stichtung Pensioenfonds voor Fysiotherapeuten (C-430 and 431/93) [1995] ECR I-4705

Procureur de la Republique v ADBHU (C-240/83) [1985] ECR 531 

Union Royale Belge des Societes de Football Association ASBL v Jean-Marc Bosman (C-415/93) [1995] ECR I-4921 

If it is more useful to  list EU cases in a seperate section of your case list either list them seperately in chronological and numerical order for each jurisdiction  (ECJ, CFI, Commission) with case number as first element omit the word case. 

Thus 

C-240/83 Procureur de la Republique v ADBHU [1985] ECR 531 

C-415/93 Union Royale Belge des Societes de Football Association ASBL v Jean-Marc Bosman [1995] ECR I-4921 

C-430 and 431/93 Jereon van Schijndel v Stichtung Pensioenfonds voor Fysiotherapeuten [1995] ECR I-4705

T- 344/99 Arne Mathisen AS v Council [2002] ECRII-2905

T-107/04 Aluminium Silicon Mill Products GmbH v Council of the European Union [2007] ECR II- 669

or if you have agreed an alphabetical order is preferable with your tutor/supervisor use the forms in the first example above in a separate section labelled EU cases

 

Notes

  • EC Commission Decisions on competition law, antitrust and mergers for example are treated as cases and the preferred source is the Official Journal of the European Communities (OJ). The next best source is the Common Market Law Reports (CMLR).
  • You should reference the law report (i.e. where the case was reported) rather than the Case Analysis document in Westlaw wherever possible. The Case Analysis document is more like an article summary or abstract, so although you can rely on it for the facts of the case, you should be looking at the law report or transcript, which contains the judgment, if you want to quote the judge's words.
  • In text and in footnote citations the “title” of a case or the party names are always printed in italics. If the footnote details are transferred to a Case List in the Bibliography italicisation should be removed. All other details of the case are then shown but the pinpoint reference to the precise paragraph will be omitted.
  • Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 10-11 30.