Case: EU Human Rights [from Print source using OSCOLA]

Overview

Cases from the European Court of Human Rights are cited either in the official reports (ECHR) or the European Human Rights Reports (EHRR). The official reports were originally known as Series A, and numbered consecutively. From 1998 they were renamed Reports of Judgments and Decisions and cited as ECHR). The EHRR series is also consecutively numbered, but from 2001 case numbers replaced page numbers. In any piece of work use one or other report series consistently throughout.

Unreported cases must identify the court and date of judgement in place of publication (current information can be found on the European Court of Human Rights website or in the HUDOC database).

European Commission of Human Rights cases are cited as Decisions and Reports of the Commission series (DR) or in early years to the Yearbook of the European Commission of Human Rights (Yearbook EComHR).

Standard Form

As a footnote:

1. European Commission of Human Rights pre 1998 

Case name (Year) Volume Report series first page.

Report series can be

CD   Collection of Decisions prior to 19742

DR   Decisions and Reports 1974-19981

or you may cite a European Human Rights Report for a decision but insert (Commission Decision) at the end of the citation.3 If a decision is unreported give the application number and then (Commission Decision, Date)4

2. European Court of Human Rights

Report series can be

Series A
Case name Application number (Year) Series A number.5

ECHR 
Case name Application number ECHR Year, first page.6

EHRR 
Case name Application number (Year) Volume EHRR first page.7

Unreported cases 
Case name Application number (Year) Volume EHRR first page.8

Examples

1. European Commission of Human Rights pre 1998

Zamir v UK (1985) 40 DR 42, 43.

or

X v Netherlands (1971) 38 CD 9, para 2.

or

Council of Civil Service Unions v UK (1987) 10 EHRR 269 (Commission Decision) para 2.

or

P v UK App no !3473/87 (Commission Decision, 11 July 1988). 

2. European Court of Human Rights

Johnston v Ireland (1986) Series A no 122.

Boyle and Rice v UK (1988) Series A no 131.

Osman v UK ECHR 1998-VIII 3124 para 5.

Whitfield v United Kingdom (2005) 41 EHRR 44, 45.

Omojudi v UK (2010) 51 EHRR 10, 11. 

6 Balogh v Hungary App no 4790/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004). 

3. Unreported cases

European Commission on Human Rights

P v UK App no !3473/87 (Commission Decision, 11 July 1988). 

European Court of Human Rights

Balogh v Hungary App no 4790/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004). 

 

Reference List

List EU Human Rights cases as footnoted in alpha-numeric order under the heading Cases and subdivide Cases into UK and EU where appropriate. at this point remove italicisation and pinpoint references.

Balogh v Hungary App no 4790/99 (ECtHR, 20 July 2004)

Council of Civil Service Unions v UK (1987) 10 EHRR 269 (Commission Decision) 

Johnston v Ireland (1986) Series A no 122

Omojudi v UK (2010) 51 EHRR 10

Osman v UK ECHR 1998-VIII 3124

P v UK app no !3473/87 (Commission Decision, 11 July 1988)

X v Netherlands (1971) 38 CD 9

Zamir v UK (1985) 40 DR 42

Notes

  • You should reference the law report (i.e. where the case was reported) rather than the Case Analysis document in Westlaw wherever possible. The Case Analysis doucment is more like an article summary or abstract, so although you can rely on it for the facts of the case, you should be looking at the law report or transcript, which contains the judgment, if you want to quote the judge's words.
  • In text and footnotes citations the "title" of acse or the party names are always printed in italics. If the footnote details are transferred to a Case List in the Bibliography italicisation should be removed. all other details of the caee are then shown but the pinpoint reference to the precise paragraph is omitted.
  • Reference: Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, OSCOLA: Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities (4th edn Oxford University 2010) 13-14.31.

edited LIJ