Academic journal article [from Print source using Vancouver]


Make sure you understand the pattern of the journal - does it have a volume number, does it have a part number (restarting at 1 in each volume) or a running issue number which increases through each succeeding volume?

Vancouver guidelines used to offer the possibility that if a journal used continuous pagination part and issue numbers could be omitted. This is no longer seen as good practice. Unless instructed to do this by your lecturer include part/issue and supplement information where it exists.

Standard Form

Author(s) of article and Initials. Title of article. Journal title. Year month day [as given by journal];Volume number(Part or Issue number):start and finish page numbers of article.


Andrew I, Hawkins C, Waterfield K, Kirkpatrick G, Williams S. Anorexia-cachexia - improving the patient experience. Hospital Pharmacist. 2007 Sep 14;265-6.

Noguchi T, Kitawaki J, Tamura T, Kim T, Kanno H, Yamamoto T, et al. Relationship between aromatase activity and steroid receptor levels in ovarian tumors from postmenopausal women. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 1993;44(4-6):657-660.

Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ, Masuyer E, Friedl HP, Ivanov E, et al. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. Br J Cancer. 1996 Apr;73(8):1006-12.

Popper SE, McCloskey K. Individual differences and subgroups within populations: the shopping bag approach. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1993;64(1):74-7.

Citation in Text

Remember this will be a running number at the first use of a reference. If the reference is re-used then repeat the number allocated. Keep your style constant, either parenthesis (number) throughout, or superscript number. Do not change between the two. If your department recommends a particular style then use that.

The relationship between aromatase ... (9)


The relationship between aromatase ..... 9


  • Journal titles are abbreviated if they can be found abbreviated in Medline; otherwise spell them out in full. To check this go to and click on the journals database link - enter your journal title in full and, if found, read the entry to see the accepted abbreviated title. Give the title as used at the time the article was published and the correct Medline abbreviation for that time (e.g. British Medical Journal was Br Med J up to 1980, Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1980-88, and BMJ from 1988 forward, so an article published in 1986 will be referenced as Br Med J (Clin Res Ed).
  • Journal titles that are just a single word are not abbreviated.
  • See pages for weekly and monthly magazines, and newspapers, for guidance on dealing with non-academic journals.
  • Vancouver allows months to be shortened to their first three letters.
  • Pagination can be cut to the minimum possible so that pages 121-129 can be shortened to 121-9. Prefix letters can also be shortened e.g. S121-9, but use 121A-129A if letters are used as suffixes.