Webpage [from Electronic source using APA 6th ed.]
Webpages can be volatile and subject to unannounced change. Therefore, it is important include the web address (or URL) for the webpage you accessed, as it may not be at that location when your work is assessed. A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is the technical term for a webpage address. URLs can change, for example if the material you are viewing is generated 'on-the-fly' using content management software. URLs from these sites may be only viewable at the time of retrieval.
Whenever possible the URL you give should be a stable URL and link directly to the webpage itself. A stable URL, also known as a 'permalink' will not be generated 'on-the-fly' and is more likely to remain accessible. To check if a link to a URL is stable, paste the link into the address bar of an Internet browser to make sure that it works. If there is no stable URL for the item, give the homepage of the website.
Although you must give the full web address (or URL) in your reference list, you do not show this in the body of your essay. Your in-text reference must match the start of the reference as it appears in your reference list. Use the author if your reference has one; otherwise use the first few words of the title.
One of the examples below is from Wikipedia. The format for a reference from Wikipedia differs from a webpage. Wikipedia is italicized because it is the name of a reference work. The retrieval date is needed here because, as with any wiki, the source material changes over time. Please note that some departments ban the use of Wikipedia in written work. Check your department's policy before referencing this source.
One of the examples below is of statistics from an official site. You may describe the data in more detail in the text of your work.
Author, Initials. (year). Title. Retrieved from web address
Web page with author
Cabinet Office. (2010). PM speech on wellbeing. Retrieved from https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/pm-speech-on-wellbeing
Office for National Statistics. (n.d.). Weekly earnings. Retrieved from http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/taxonomy/index.html?nscl=Weekly+Earnings#tab-data-tables
Suff, R. (2013). Good practice manual. Retrieved from www.xperthr.co.uk/good-practice-manual/retaining-staff/115941
United Nations Environment Programme. (2004). Common questions about climate change: Introduction. Retrieved from http://www.gcrio.org/ipcc/qa/01.html
Web page with no author
Call to stop children's drinking. (2007). Retrieved from the BBC News website: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6596515.stm
Deciding your future. (2000). Retrieved from University of Portsmouth, Careers Service website: www.port.ac.uk/departments/careers/plancareer/deciding-your-future.htm
Bloomberg L. P. (2016). Stock price graph for Astrazeneca 02/12/2016 to 09/12/2016 [database record]. Retreived from Bloomberg database
Film Industry Data. (n.d.). Dark Night Rises [database record]. Retrieved from http://filmid.
Online comment (user-generated content)
Davies, V. (2013, March 7). Trashy, awful, disgusting [online comment]. Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/
The format for a reference from Wikipedia differs from a webpage. Wikipedia is italicized because it is the name of a reference work. The retrieval date is needed here because, as with any wiki, the source material changes over time. Please note that some departments ban the use of Wikipedia in written work. Check your department's policy before referencing this source.
Diana, Princess of Wales. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved July 30, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diana,_Princess_of_Wales
Citation in Text
Banks (n.d., para. 32) states that ...
The Excel sheet, EARN05: Average gross weekly earnings of full-time employees, by region, (Office for National Statistics, n.d.) showed a 0.1% reduction in the North West in 2013.
According to the United Nations Environment Programme, "natural events cause changes in climate" (2004, para. 5).
Alcohol Concern ("Call to stop", 2007) have proposed various policies to reduce children's drinking ...
In a recent speech (Cabinet Office, 2010) David Cameron told the Conservative Party that ...
For a basic introduction to career planning, ("Deciding your future", 2000) you might ...
... her influence on the Ottawa Treaty ("Diana, Princess of Wales", n.d.) is disputed ...
Suff (2013) observes that it is crucial to select "people who are right for the role and the organisation".
- If no date appears on the item you are trying to reference, insert (n.d.) where you would normally give the year.
- If there is no identifiable author, begin your reference with the title of the document. Cite the first few words of the title in the text of your work and use double quotation marks around the title.
- If the title is missing, described the document inside square brackets after the date [Description of document].
- If a document is part of a large website such as that for a university or government department, give the name of the parent organization and the relevant department before the web address:
Alexander, J., & Tate, M. A. (2001). Evaluating web resources. Retrieved from Widener University, Wolfgram Memorial Library website: wwww.widener.edu/Wolfgram-Memorial-Library/webevaluation/webeval.htm